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Prevention of familial transmission of depression [article] : EFFEKT-E, a selective program for emotionally burdened families

by Bühler, Anneke; Kötter, Charlotte; Jaursch, Stefanie; Lösel, Friedrich.
Material type: materialTypeLabelArticleSAPHIR theme(s): Promotion de la santé - Prévention | Santé mentale | Famille - CoupleMeSH subject(s): Depressive Disorder | Depression | Parents | Family | Mothers | Mother-Child Relations | Child of Impaired Parents | Child Behavior Disorders | Patient Education as Topic | Family Therapy | Family Health | Program Evaluation | Depressive Disorder -- prevention & control | Depression -- prevention & control | Parents -- psychology | Parents -- education | Family -- psychology | Mothers -- psychology | Child of Impaired Parents -- psychology | Child Behavior Disorders -- prevention & control | GermanyOnline resources: Date de consultation : 03.01.2012 Summary: Aim: Parental depression is a strong risk factor for depression in children and is associated with offspring’s behavioral problems. Therefore, prevention measures should aim to reduce the transmission of risk to children of depressed mothers. In this paper, description and evaluation results are reported for EFFEKT-E (Entwicklungsförderung in Familien: Eltern- und Kinder-Training in emotional belasteten Familien), a prevention program to be used in the setting of mother-child rehabilitation clinics. EFFEKT-E is a family-oriented program including parent training and social skills training for pre-school children. Subjects and methods: The evaluation study contained 375 mothers and their children. The program was evaluated in a quasi-experimental pre-post-follow-up design using instruments on parenting behavior and children’s emotional and behavioral problems. Results: Evaluation showed satisfying out reach and implementation of the program. Compared to a treatment-as-usual condition, EFFEKT-E children exhibited less emotional disruption and hyperactivity. Mother’s sense of parental competence was promoted, problematic parenting behavior decreased. Conclusion: EFFEKT-E is an evidence-based selective program which has the potential to prevent intergenerational transmission of depression. [Authors]
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Aim: Parental depression is a strong risk factor for depression in children and is associated with offspring’s behavioral problems. Therefore, prevention measures should aim to reduce the transmission of risk to children of depressed mothers. In this paper, description and evaluation results are reported for EFFEKT-E (Entwicklungsförderung in Familien: Eltern- und Kinder-Training in emotional belasteten Familien), a prevention program to be used in the setting of mother-child rehabilitation clinics. EFFEKT-E is a family-oriented program including parent training and social skills training for pre-school children. Subjects and methods: The evaluation study contained 375 mothers and their children. The program was evaluated in a quasi-experimental pre-post-follow-up design using instruments on parenting behavior and children’s emotional and behavioral problems. Results: Evaluation showed satisfying out reach and implementation of the program. Compared to a treatment-as-usual condition, EFFEKT-E children exhibited less emotional disruption and hyperactivity. Mother’s sense of parental competence was promoted, problematic parenting behavior decreased. Conclusion: EFFEKT-E is an evidence-based selective program which has the potential to prevent intergenerational transmission of depression. [Authors]