What are the most effective and cost-effective interventions in alcohol control ? [publication] / / [author: Esa Õsterberg] ; World Health Organization Europe, Health Evidence Network - Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2004 - 14 p. - Health Evidence Network reports .

There is substantial evidence showing that an increase in alcohol prices reduces consumption and the level of alcohol-related problems. In most countries and especially in countries with low alcohol tax rates, tax-induced price increases on alcohol beverages lead to increases in state tax revenues and decreases in state expenses related to alcohol-related harms. The effects of price increases, like the effects of other alcohol control measures, differ among countries, depending on such factors as the prevailing alcohol culture and public support for stricter alcohol controls. However, the effects on alcohol-related harms are definite and the costs low, making it a cost-effective measure. In addition, stricter controls on the availability of alcohol, especially via a minimum legal purchasing age, government monopoly of retail sales, restrictions on sales times and regulations of the number of distribution outlets are effective interventions. Given the broad reach of all these measures, and the relatively low expense of implementing them, they all are highly cost-effective. [...] [P. 4] Résumé français: http://www.euro.who.int/HEN/Syntheses/alcohol/20040219_3?language=French